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Meskipun bukan perusahaan pertama di pasar yang berbicara tentang memasukkan berbagai jenis silikon ke dalam paket yang sama, peluncuran Ryzen 3000 AMD pada Juli 2019 adalah yang pertama dalam menghadirkan komputasi x86 berkinerja tinggi melalui media chiplet. Paradigma chiplet telah bekerja dengan sangat baik bagi perusahaan, memiliki inti kinerja tinggi pada silikon TSMC 7nm yang dioptimalkan, sambil mengembangkan lebih banyak operasi analog ke silikon GlobalFoundries 14nm yang lebih murah, dan membangun interkoneksi berkecepatan tinggi di antara mereka. Dibandingkan dengan desain monolitik, AMD akhirnya menggunakan proses yang lebih baik untuk setiap fitur, chip yang lebih kecil yang memberikan hasil dan binning yang lebih baik, dan penambah biaya utama adalah pengemasan. Tapi seberapa murah desain chiplet ini? Saya mengajukan pertanyaan ini kepada CEO AMD Dr. Lisa Su.

Dalam rangkaian produk AMD yang berfokus pada konsumen, satu-satunya produk yang dikirimkan dengan chiplet adalah prosesor seri Ryzen 3000 dan Ryzen 5000 berkinerja tinggi. Harganya berkisar dari $199 untuk Ryzen 5 3600 enam-inti, hingga $799 untuk Ryzen 9 5950X 16-core.

Segala sesuatu yang berfokus pada konsumen adalah satu bagian dari silikon, bukan chiplet. Segala sesuatu dalam portofolio seluler AMD bergantung pada satu bagian silikon, dan mereka juga dimigrasikan ke dalam faktor bentuk desktop dalam strategi APU desktop AMD. Kami melihat penggambaran yang jelas antara di mana chiplet masuk akal secara finansial, dan di mana mereka tidak. Dari prosesor generasi terbaru AMD, Ryzen 5 5600X masih berharga $299 di pengecer.

Salah satu masalah di sini adalah bahwa desain chiplet memerlukan langkah pengemasan tambahan. Silikon dari mana prosesor ini dibuat harus diletakkan di PCB atau substrat, dan tergantung pada apa yang ingin Anda lakukan dengan substrat dapat mempengaruhi biayanya. Desain chiplet memerlukan koneksi berkecepatan tinggi antara chiplet, serta daya dan komunikasi ke seluruh sistem. Tindakan menempatkan chiplet pada substrat tunggal juga memiliki biaya yang efektif, membutuhkan akurasi – bahkan jika penempatan akurat 99% per chiplet pada substrat berarti produk 3 chiplet sebagai kehilangan hasil 3% dari pengemasan, meningkatkan biaya. Di luar ini, AMD harus mengirimkan cetakan 14nm untuk produknya dari New York ke Asia terlebih dahulu, untuk mengemasnya dengan cetakan komputasi TSMC, sebelum mengirimkan produk akhir ke seluruh dunia. Itu mungkin berkurang di masa depan, karena AMD diyakini membuat desain chiplet generasi berikutnya di seluruh Asia.

Pada akhirnya harus ada titik kritis di mana hanya membangun produk silikon monolitik menjadi lebih baik untuk biaya total daripada mencoba mengirimkan chiplet dan menghabiskan banyak uang untuk teknik pengemasan baru. Saya mengajukan pertanyaan kepada Dr. Lisa Su, mengakui bahwa AMD tidak menjual generasi terbarunya di bawah $300, apakah $300 adalah titik kritis yang realistis dari pasar chiplet ke non-chiplet.

Dr. Su menjelaskan bagaimana dalam tahap desain produk mereka, arsitek AMD melihat setiap cara yang mungkin untuk menyatukan chip. Dia menjelaskan bahwa ini berarti monolitik, chiplet, pengemasan, teknologi proses, karena jumlah variabel potensial dalam semua ini memiliki efek langsung untuk rantai pasokan dan biaya dan ketersediaan, serta kinerja akhir produk. Dr Su menyatakan kutipan singkat bahwa AMD mencari yang terbaik untuk kinerja, tenaga, biaya – dan apa yang Anda katakan di titik kritis mungkin benar. Meski begitu, Dr. Su tidak ingin secara langsung mengatakan ini adalah norma, merinci bahwa dia akan berharap di masa depan bahwa dinamika mungkin berubah ketika biaya silikon naik, karena ini mengubah titik pengoptimalan itu. Tapi jelas dalam diskusi kami bahwa AMD selalu melihat variabel, dengan Dr. Su berakhir dengan catatan bahagia bahwa di waktu yang tepat, Anda akan melihat chiplets di ujung bawah pasar.

Secara pribadi, saya pikir ini cukup memberi tahu bahwa pasar saat ini sangat lunak terhadap chiplet di ekosistem $300+. Hasil TSMC D0 dari N7 (dan N5) dilaporkan sebagai yang terbaik di industri, yang berarti bahwa prosesor seluler AMD dalam kisaran ~200 mm persegi dapat diluncurkan dari jalur produksi dan memenuhi semuanya hingga nilai $300 (dan mungkin beberapa di luar ). Menjadi lebih besar membawa kendala hasil ukuran mati, di mana chiplet masuk akal. Kita sekarang berada pada tahap di mana jika Hukum Moore berlanjut, berapa banyak komputasi yang dapat kita muat dalam silikon berukuran 200 mm persegi itu, dan pasar mana yang dapat memperoleh manfaat darinya – atau apakah kita akan mencapai titik di mana lebih banyak fitur ditambahkan bahwa ukuran silikon akan meningkat, tentu mendorong semuanya ke rute chiplet. Sebagai bagian dari diskusi, Dr. Su menyebutkan skala ekonomi dalam hal pengemasan, jadi akan menarik untuk melihat bagaimana dinamika ini terjadi. Tetapi untuk saat ini tampaknya, cara AMD untuk mengatasi pasar di bawah $300 adalah dengan perangkat keras generasi terakhir, atau silikon monolitik.

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Sumber: ASUS

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Hoosier Lottery – Positive Game Experience Using A Mathematical Strategy

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Hoosier Lottery wants you to enjoy positive experiences from playing the games it offers.

Who would not want to enjoy playing the lottery, anyway? So, we could all agree to that.

Yet the more pressing question is, “how does one enjoy playing the lottery?”

Entertainment comes at a price and so do lottery games.

When you play the lottery, expect to have more losses than winnings.

Once you have amassed significant losses, it is almost impossible to win your money back.

It is as Indiana’s state lottery says. Losses are like too short haircuts that are hard to get back.

Therefore, the most reasonable solution is to play with decreased instances of losing.

This is where the use of a mathematical game plan for playing lotteries will prove helpful.

You need to develop a math-based game plan for enjoying draw games from Hoosier Lottery.

Keep reading and let us learn together.

Play Hoosier Lottery with a fitting method

Cooking is an example of an entertaining activity for some people.

Suppose you need to stir-fry vegetables in a pan, but you only have a spoon nearby. Would you just use the spoon instead of looking for a wok spatula in the cupboard?

The choice is yours. It is convenient to use the spoon since it is already on the counter. It would require you more effort to look for a wok spatula since it is inside the cupboard.   

However, understand that your chosen cooking tool may affect the food you are cooking and even your safety. The correct tool allows you to cook your food well and keep you away from harm.

Stir frying with a spoon might result to uncooked or less tasty foods. You would unlikely stir enough times because your hand will feel hot since the spoon is too short. There is no option for flipping the vegetables by yielding the pan because it is beyond your cooking skills.

Everything we do becomes a lot better when we use the right tool. This includes playing the lottery games.

Lottery players use different methods when choosing numbers to make combinations. The most common method is tracking hot, cold and overdue numbers using statistics of past draw results.

For instance, Hoosier Lottery has a specific web page where players could see the frequency of drawing numbers for a specific draw game.

Below, you can see three charts illustrating the frequency of numbers for CA$H 5 from 11/4/2012 to 1/27/2021.

These dough charts show the frequency of numbers for CA$H 5 from 11/4/2012 to 1/27/2021. Number 1 was drawn 341 times; 2 was drawn 336 times; 3 was drawn 362; 4 was drawn 341 times; 5 was drawn 332 times; 6 was drawn 344 times; 7 was drawn 365 times; 8 was drawn 346 times; 9 was drawn 375 times; 10 was drawn 387 times; 11 was drawn 343 times; 12 was drawn 332 times; 13 was drawn 394 times; 14 was drawn 355 times; 15 was drawn 358 times; 16 was drawn 352 times; 17 was drawn 378 times; 18 was drawn 345 times; 19 was drawn 364 times; 20 was drawn 358 times; 21 was drawn 356 times; 22 was drawn 355 times; 23 was drawn 339 times; 24 was drawn 330 times; 25 was drawn 354 times; 26 was drawn 352 times; 27 was drawn 377 times; 28 was drawn 357 times; 29 was drawn 363 times; 30 was drawn 367 times; 31 was drawn 362 times; 32 was drawn 349 times; 33 was drawn 351 times; 34 was drawn 388 times; 35 was drawn 376 times; 36 was drawn 353 times; 37 was drawn 362 times; 38 was drawn 323 times; 39 was drawn 362 times; 40 was drawn 287 times; 41 was drawn 282 times; 42 was drawn 142 times; 43 was drawn 148 times; 44 was drawn 144 times; and 45 was drawn 148 times.

This feature offers a big help for players who rely on statistics in selecting numbers. Yet, can statistics really help determine the numbers that will appear in the succeeding draws?

A seller wants to hold a raffle draw to promote her business. Thus, she prepared a simple raffle game for her customers. Inside a red box are 8 balls in blue, green and orange.

Each color represents small, but exciting prizes for her customers who meet the minimum orders. Blue is for 50% discount, green is for 30% discount and orange is for a free item.

Cassandra is one customer who met the minimum order requirements, so she is eligible for the raffle game. She prefers to get a free item. She needs to get an orange ball.

Cassandra does not know how many balls of each color are there in the box. This suggests that she may only do statistical sampling to determine her chances to get an orange ball.

Yet, if the seller discloses there are 3 orange, 2 blue and 3 green balls, Cassandra could perform probability calculations. This way, she would know the likelihood of her getting an orange ball.

This image illustrates the randomness of the lottery. Streaks and dots of white and gray suggest ways on how players can take advantage of the game.

The lottery draw is a random process and the image above illustrates this. It provides ideas on how a player may avoid being wrong as he plays the lottery. Through the randomness of lotteries, probability calculations are possible.

The second scenario is an example of a random, yet deterministic event. Such is an innate characteristic of lottery games with finite structures. Lottery games are finite because players know the number of balls to pick from a given number set.

The Hoosier Lottery Ca$h5, for example, has 1 to 45 balls from which a player should select 5 numbers to make a combination. This means that a player can perform probability calculations to determine his likelihood of winning. Therefore, statistics is not an appropriate tool for playing the lottery.

Never use statistics in lotteries because it will never work as an appropriate tool to analyze games. Some state lotteries, like Indiana, provide data for frequency of drawing numbers. Yet, you now know that statistics will not work as a tool to accurately determine winning odds.

Why and How, you might ask?

Statistical sampling involves just a sample or a small part of the large data. Thus, the conclusion it will give would not be accurate because of the limited amount of data it considered.

Will you still insist on playing for cold or overdue numbers?

There might be seldom and frequently drawn numbers during the first few draws of a lottery game. Yet, as the number of draws increases, the frequency of these numbers will converge around a comparable amount. This is the conclusion brought forth by the law of large numbers. See a visual analysis here to know more about this law.

Do not misunderstand that this law will allow you to predict exactly which numbers will win next. Rather, the law of large numbers allows you to foresee the future general behavior of the random lottery game. The actual results of the game will agree with the probability calculations.

Thus, you could find ways on how to be wrong less for most of the draws. Mathematical information truly helps, but only if you have accurate and complete information.

Playing lotteries with a precise game plan, use a complete mathematical analysis that involves not only probability but also odds.

Which ratio should you look at when playing the lottery?

Probability and odds are, in formula, both ratios.

Should you favor only one or consider them both for an accurate mathematical lotto strategy?

Probability in lottery is the ratio of the number of favorable combinations over the total number of possible combinations.

How likely are you going to win using the combination you play for? This is what probability is about.

To play in a lottery draw game, you need to buy a ticket with a playable combination. Suppose you chose 1-2-3-4-5 as your combination in a Ca$h 5 game that has 1,221,759 possible combinations.

Using the formula above, the probability of you winning in Ca$h 5 by playing 1-2-3-4-5 is 1 in 1,221,759. This probability remains the same for each of the possible combinations. Therefore, your only way of improving your probability of winning is by buying more tickets with different combinations.

Some people mistakenly suppose that they always have a chance against all the possible combinations. So, they could just choose whatever numbers they please. They throw away the possibility of winning by carefully creating the most lucrative combinations.

Odds in lottery are the ratio of favorable combinations over the unfavorable combinations.

How many ways of winning do I have with the combination I played for? This is what odds can help determine.

Odds refer to the ratio of favorable combinations over unfavorable combinations. Hence, it is also the ratio of success to failure.

Probability lets you think you have just one chance to win for every combination you use. Odds, on the other hand, allow you to know which combination has more ways of winning and fewer ways of losing. How? Allow me to explain.

For example, you marked the numbers 1-2-3-4-5 on the first matrix area of a Ca$h 5 playslip. This combination will give you one probability to win.

Then, you also marked 6-7-8-9-10 on the second matrix of the playslip. This second combination will also give you one probability to win.

All combinations have equal probabilities of winning. Thus, two distinct combinations will give you 2 probabilities to win.

Nonetheless, you do not know if these 2 distinct combinations will take you closer to winning the jackpot. This is where odds enter as a ratio worthy of your attention.

By computing the odds of a combination, you will know how many ways of winning and losing it can provide. Therefore, you can choose combinations that can cut down your failures.

Lotto games have hundred thousands to millions of combinations (based on a game). In terms of probability, we regard these combinations as the same since they each offer the same probability of winning.

In terms of odds, we regard these combinations differently according to their respective combinatorial groups. Combinatorial groups in lotteries have different ways of losing and winning.

A player needs to consider the odds through careful selection of the best combinatorial group. This enables him to pick one with a smaller amount of losing as compared to other combinatorial groups.

To play well in lottery games, consider both ratios instead of only one.

Most players consider only their probability to win. Thus, they turn to methods like statistical tracking because this is what they have adapted to. While ratio of success to failure might seem unconventional for traditional lotto players, it can improve your games. 

Remember

Lottery combinations have different ratios of success to failure. Controlling the lottery’s probability and beating its odds are impossible. But to win the lottery, you must pick the combinations with the best ratio.

Any discerning player will take advantage of this knowledge and the ability to understand ratios in making a better decision. He may choose not to play if he thinks his odds are not favorable.

In the succeeding sections, I will explain to you why and how you must consider odds and probability for a well-thought-of strategy.

Let us tackle the odds or ratio of success to failure first.

It’s time to learn about lottery’s combinatorial groups.

Lotteries have underlying probabilities that no one can control and odds that are hard to beat. Nonetheless, this does not mean you may only play while thinking you may either win or lose. This is a poor mindset to have as a player seeking to win or as someone looking for gaming entertainment.

This image illustrates the difference between numbers and combination. In a lottery game, a player must pick a certain quantity of numbers from the number of balls. For example, Ca$h 5 of Hoosier Lottery has 1 to 45 balls and a player need to make a combination with 5 numbers from these balls.

Numbers and combinations are basic components of lottery draw games. In playing lottery games, you need to know how many balls there are in the game and the quantity of numbers to select.

Ca$h 5 has 1 to 45 balls, from which a player may pick 5 numbers to create a combination.

When playing Hoosier Lotto Plus, you need 6 numbers from 1 to 46 to have a playable combination.

In Cash4Life, the main combination needs 5 numbers from balls 1 to 60. A playable combination requires an extra number from the balls 1 to 4.

In each lottery draw, the balls inside the drum have equal chances of being picked. There is no factor that will favor one or few balls over the others. Every ball has the same shape, size, weight and texture.

I said earlier that combinations have varying ratios of success to failure. This difference comes from the fact that combinatorial groups each have a distinct composition.

Composition refers to the quantity of odd or even and low or high numbers that a combination contains. A single number has no significance unless it is in a group of numbers. These numbers altogether give the combination its critical composition.

Knowing a combination’s composition, you could compute for the number of ways it will make you win and lose. This makes you aware about your options of which combinatorial groups to focus on and to avoid.

Remember

Whether you play with a 3-low-2-high pattern, your probability to win does not change. However, your choice of a 3-low-2-high combination lets you have a better ratio of success to failure than a 5-high combination. This means you can play with more ways to win and lesser ways to lose.

Therefore, combinatorial groups in lotteries give you crucial factors and information to use for developing your game plan. You could create combinations following the patterns of best combinatorial groups.

Let us look into it through examples.

In the Ca$h 5 game of Hoosier Lottery, the best combination you can use must have 3-odd and 2 even numbers. This pattern offers 409,101 ways of winning and 812,658 ways of failing. Avoid combinations with 5 even numbers because this has the worst ratio. It gives 26,334 ways of winning and 1,195,425 ways of failing.

In Ca$h 5, avoid using combinations with 5 even numbers. This pattern gives 26,334 ways of winning and 1,195,425 ways of failing.

The best patterns to use when creating combinations is 3-odd-2-even. It offers 409,101 ways to win and 812,628 ways to fail.

Julia has $10, and she wanted to play the Ca$h 5 game. She has no specific strategy for choosing numbers, so she just randomly marked numbers on the playslip. Her resulting combination is 4-10-18-22-30.

Data from the table above show that it has a 5-even pattern. Unfortunately, this is the worst pattern to use. Julia could probably play better if she considers the information from this article.

She could play for 7-14-21-28-35. This has a 3-odd-2-even pattern that has more ways of winning and fewer ways of losing than 5-even.

This 7-14-21-28-35 is a combination with non-random pattern. While it achieved the purpose of getting 3-odd-2-even combination, it is not a method that we recommend players to use.

Keep reading below so I could explain better why players need to avoid non-random combinations. The point here is that you must analyze the lotto combination you want to use even before paying for a ticket.

Composition of combinations matters. You need to have the right amount of the best odd and even numbers in your combination.

However, composition is not only about odd or even. Composition also involves the low and high numbers in the combination.

Let us look at another example and this time with the low-high choices for Hoosier Lotto +Plus.

The best choice for Hoosier Lotto +Plus is 3-low-3-high. It has 3,136,441 ways to win and 6,230,378 ways to fail. The worst pattern choice is 6-high with 100,947 ways to win and 9,265,872 ways to fail.

Tristan has no particular method for picking numbers. He simply used the numbers he saw on the car plates of vehicles he came across during his drive. This gave him the combination 28-33-35-40-45-46.

Referring to the table above, we could say that Tristan should have looked for more car plates instead of spending money on this combination.

Its composition of all high number makes it one of the worst combinations for Hoosier Lotto. Perhaps a better combination that Tristan could play is a more balanced combination which contains 3 low and 3 high numbers.

About combinatorial analysis

Combinatorial mathematics allows you to group anything, such as numbers in a lottery game. The numbers on lottery balls are merely symbols for things that you can put into groups, like fruits, flowers, objects, behaviors and more. We use odd, even, low and high to establish a pattern necessary for mathematical calculations.

With such knowledge about combinatorial mathematics, you could discern which options are best to use. Therefore, you could make the most out of your ability to decide appropriately on specific conditions.

This is the guiding principle of Lotterycodex. It applies combinatorial and probabilistic theory to segregate good from bad and best from the worst combinations. This way, you will know exactly which combinations offer the best ratio of success to failure.

Through combinatorial groups, a player can see and choose which ones are most favorable for him. The inequality of odds among these combinatorial groups opens a door of opportunity. This is an opportunity to use a mathematical strategy based on the best ratio of success to failure.

Lottery games share some similarities, since two or more games may have the same pick size or number field. Yet, it is of utmost importance that you learn more about a game you wish to play. This is how you will devise the succeeding steps in your game plan.

Why don’t we look first at the basic combinatorial groups of Ca$h 5 from Hoosier Lottery? Keep reading below to understand how to play the game with a mathematical approach.

Let’s look at Ca$h 5 and its basic combinatorial groups.

This is the only game from Hoosier Lottery with a rolling jackpot. The jackpot prize starts at $75,000; then grows by at least $5,000 per day until somebody wins. Its drawings occur daily.

One ticket costs $1 and an extra $1 if you wish to play with the EZmatch option. As I have mentioned, this game requires a combination of 5 numbers selected from 1 to 45. This gives us 1,221,759 possible combinations in total.

Given that it has 1-45 balls, the odd and even number sets for Ca$h 5 are

Odd = 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45 
Even = 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44 
The 6 odd-even patterns in Hoosier Lottery Ca$h 5 are 5-0dd, 4-odd-1-even, 3-odd-2-even, 2-odd-3-even, 1-odd-5-even and 6-even. The 3-odd-2-even has 409,101 possible combinations, 0.3348459065986 probability value and 33 estimated occurrences in 100 draws.

The table above shows there are 6 basic combinatorial groups for this game, based on the odd-even composition.

The 5-even group, as I have mentioned earlier, is the worst choice of odd-even basic combinatorial group for Ca$h 5. It offers just 26,334 ways to win and 1,195,425 ways to lose. The ratio of success to failure that you will have with this pattern is 1 to 45.

Even the 5-odd group could also not provide noteworthy winning odds. It has 33,649 ways to win and 1,188,110 ways to lose. So, the ratio of success to failure of 5-odd group is 1 to 35.

The 1-odd-4-even group has 168,245 ways to win and 1,053,514 ways to fail. It offers a 1 to 6 ratio of success to failure. Meanwhile, the 4-odd-2-even gives 194,810 ways to win and 1,026,949 ways to lose. Thus, the ratio it offers is 1 to 5.

The 3-odd-2-even and 2-odd-3-even groups share about the same rounded up ratios of success to failure. However, 2-odd-3-even has about 20,000 more ways of losing than 3-odd-2-even.

Comparing 5-even to 3-odd-2-even, the latter can provide over 15 times more occurrences in 100 draws than the former. The best choice 3-odd-2-even could occur once every 3 attempts. The worst choice 5-even could occur once every 46 attempts.

Why would a clever player focus on creating combinations with 3-odd-2-even? He will have more ways of winning and fewer ways of losing with such pattern.

Basic combinatorial analysis is incomplete with just the odd-even composition. You must also look at the low-high composition of combinations.

To get the low and high number sets of a lotto game, divide the number field into two. For Ca$h 5, these sets are

Low = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23
High = 24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45 
Hoosier Ca$h 5 has 6 low-high patterns. These are 5-0dd, 4-low-1-high, 3-low-2-high, 2-low-3-high, 1-low-5-high and 6-high. The 3-low-2-high has 409,101 possible combinations, 0.3348459065986 probability value and 33 estimated occurrences in 100 draws.

There are also 6 groups with low and high numbers for this game, as shown in the table above. The group with lowest number of possible combinations is 5-high. With 1,195,425 ways to lose using this pattern, you can expect it to occur only twice in every 100 draws.

Offering 7,315 more ways to win is the 5-low group. However, this is still not a good choice. It can give you only 3 opportunities to match the winning combination in every 100 draws.

A combination with an average ratio is one with either 1-low-4-high or 4-low-1-high pattern. The 1-low-4-high pattern may appear 14 times in 100 draws.

A 4-low-1-high combination may match the winning combination 16 times in 100 draws. This means you may lose 84-86 times in 100 draws using either pattern.

You could do well in 100 draws with either a 2-low-3-high or 3-low-2-high combination. A 3-low-2-high combination might appear 33 times, while the 2-low-3-high may appear 32 times.

Nonetheless, do not forget that we are looking for a pattern that can reduce the number of losses when playing. Here, 3-low-2-high can further reduce the ways of losing by 19,481 than a 2-low-3-high.

The best choice of low-high pattern in the Ca$h 5 game is 3-low-2-high. With 409,101 ways to win, your ways to fail are 812,658. The worst choice is 5-high. You could lose 1,195,425 ways and win 26,334 ways.

Summing it up, the best low-high pattern in a Ca$h 5 game is 3-low-2-high. It offers almost 16 times more ways to win than a 5-high pattern. In 100 draws, you could lose 32 more times with a 5-high than with a 3-low-2-high.

Remember

It makes no difference in your probability to win whether you choose a 5-even or a 3-odd-2-even combination. Yet, it makes a big difference in your ratio of success to failure if you play a combination with 3-odd-2-even pattern instead of 5-even pattern. The former has a higher ratio of success to failure than the latter. In Ca$h 5, a 3-odd-2-even combination gives 812,658 ways to lose, while a 5-even combination has 1,195,425 ways to lose.

Now, how should you incorporate this knowledge in your games?

Eduard is an avid lotto player, but uses just one combination every time he plays. His combo for Ca$h 5 is 23-25-30-31-36.

Let us analyze this combination based on basic combinatorial group.

23-25-30-31-36 has the best odd-even ratio because of its 3-odd-2-even pattern.

Yet, this combination has the worst ratio in terms of low-high combinatorial analysis. It follows a 5-high pattern. 

Combinatorial analysis could prompt Eduard to change to a better combination. He ought to realize to change some numbers in order to get the best ratios from odd-even and low-high groups.

One new combination he could use is 11-13-15-30-36. This new combination follows the 3-low-2-high and 3-odd-2-even patterns, which are the best choices for Ca$h 5.

Awareness about the ratio of success to failure of combinations can make a significant difference in one’s lotto game decisions. A player who has been buying tickets for years might discover that he has been wasting money all along.

He has been blindingly playing for a combination that actually has a low ratio of success to failure. How about your favorite Ca$h 5 combination? What are its ratios of success to failure after analyzing its odd-even and low-high composition?

Basic combinatorial analysis lets you understand that composition of combinations make an impact in your games. Through this knowledge, you will decide if you can stick to your favorite combination or change numbers.

This holds true also for Hoosier Lotto +Plus.

Discover the basic combinatorial groups for Hoosier Lotto +PLUS

Hoosier Lotto +PLUS is a game with 1 to 46 balls from which you must select 6 numbers. One play costs $2. You may pay an additional $1 for the +Plus option, to play the same combination for the second draw for the game. 

While the odds are the same for this +Plus draw, the prizes differ from those of the first draw. For example, the estimated jackpot for the January 23, 2021 draw was $4.2 million. Playing with +Plus lets you win only $1,000,000 if you match all 6 numbers in the second draw.

Indiana State Hoosier Lottery makes its native draw game more exciting by automatically adding a random multiplier to every play. The 1x, 2x, 3x, 5x, or 10x multiplier applies only to non-jackpot prizes of first and second draws.

Hoosier Lotto +Plus has draws on Wednesdays and Thursdays.

The odd and even sets are

Odd = 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45 
Even = 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44,46
Hoosier Lotto +Plus has 7 odd-even patterns. These patterns are 6-odd, 5-odd-1-even, 4-odd-2-even, 3-odd-3-even, 2-odd-4-even, 1-odd-5-even and 6-even. The 3-odd-3-even has 3,136,441 possible combinations, 0.3348459065986 probability value and 33 estimated occurrences in every 100 draws.

There are 9,366,819 possible combinations in total for this game. Each combination has its unique composition that determines its ratio of success to failure.

A player can create a combination containing all 6 even or all odd numbers. He will have 100,947 ways to win using either pattern, but the number of ways he could lose is 9,340,485.

A good option he has is to make a combination following 1-odd-5-even or 5-odd-1-even pattern. This will give him 773,927 ways to win, but 8,592,892 ways to lose.

He has more ways to win with a 2-odd-4-even or 4-odd-2-even combination. He could have 2,240,315 ways to win and 7,126,504 ways to lose if he does.

For a 6/46 game, such as Hoosier Lotto from Hoosier Lottery, there is an option superior to all these. A player can have 3,136,441 ways to win and 6,230,378 ways to lose if he plays for a combination having a balanced composition of odd and even numbers.

The best choice of combination in the Hoosier Lotto +Plus game contains 3 odd and 3 even numbers. This offers 3,136,441 ways to win and 6,230,378 ways to fail. The worst choice of combination contains 6 even numbers that gives 100,947 ways to win and 9,265,872 ways to fail.

Thus, the best choice of combination when playing Hoosier Lotto +Plus is the 3-odd-3-even. Its ratio of success to failure is 1 to 2. The worst combination choice is 5-even or 5-odd, whose ratio of success to failure is 1 to 92. The best choice has 46 times better ratio of success to failure than the worst choice.

The 3-odd-3-even provides 5 times better ratio of success to failure when compared to 1-odd-5-even or 5-odd-1-even.

In every 100 draws, a 3-odd-3-even pattern could give you 9 times more opportunities to match the winning combination than a 2-odd-4-even.

Do not let it slip your mind that a combination’s composition also involves how many low and high numbers it contains.

In this Hoosier Lottery draw game, the low and high number sets are:

Low = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23 
High = 24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46

The low-high number sets that players could choose from are:

Hoosier Lotto +Plus has 7 low-high patterns. These are 6-low, 5-low-1-high, 4-low-2-high, 3-low-3-high, 2-low-4-high, 1-low-5-high and 6-high. The 3-low-3-high has 3,136,441 possible combinations, 0.3348459065986 probability value and 33 estimated occurrences in every 100 draws.

From the data of our table above, you could see there are 7 patterns a player could base his combination on.

Patterns 6-high and 6-low offer the least number of ways to win and can appear just once out of 100 draws.

The 1-low-5-high and 5-high-1-low is considerably still a bad choice. This is despite offering 7 times more winning ways and 7 more occurrences than the 6-high or 6-low.

It is because there is a better option you can use than the 1-low-5-high and/or 5-high-1-low. A good choice of pattern is 2-low-4-high or 4-low-2-high. Either of these patterns provides 22 times more ways to win and 23 more occurrences than 6-high or 6-low.

Notwithstanding the good ratio from 2-low-4-high or 4-low-2-high, 3-low-3-high offers the best ratio of all. Out of 100 draws, 3-low-3-high can provide you with 33 opportunities to match the winning combination. It also has 1.5 times fewer ways of losing than 6-high or 6-low.

How do you apply this in your actual games?

Rachelle discovered a number generator while browsing the web. This number generator allowed her to enter how many numbers to pick from her number field she chose. 

Thus, when her mother asked her for a 6-number combination to use in the Hoosier Lotto +Plus, she used this number generator. Her mom has been playing with 25-39-36-34-33-27 combination for 2 years already. Is this combination only a waste of money or should Rachelle’s mom continue playing with it?

25-39-36-34-33-27 has 4-odd-2-even pattern, which is only a good choice of odd-even pattern.

It also follows a 6-high pattern, which has the worst ratio to offer among all low-high groups.

Therefore, this combination has been a waste of money. Rachelle should have run the generator several more times so she could have picked a better combination, like 17-42-45-7-18-30. This one has 3-odd-3-even and 3-low-3-high, which are both best choices for their respective categories of combinatorial groups.

Better yet, since Rachelle is already surfing the web, she could have read further about how to mathematically play the lottery.

Basic combinatorial analysis lets you see the worth of a combination. Then, you decide how you want to manipulate its composition so you can achieve a final combination with best ratio.

Playing the lottery should be about making the best decisions, although the probability of a random draw is unchangeable. It should be about weighing your options so you can deal with the lottery odds in a way that is most favorable to you.

Next, we look at the basic combinatorial groups in Cash4Life. Can combinatorial analysis also help you weigh your options well? Find out below.

Know the basic combinatorial groups in Cash4Life.

Cash4Life is a multi-state lottery game that 9 US states currently offer. Indiana is one of these 9 states so you can play this game at Hoosier Lottery retail stores and mobile app.

One play costs $2. To play, select 5 numbers from 1 to 60 and then a Cash Ball number from 1 to 4. There are daily draws for this game.

The jackpot prize to win when you match all 5 numbers and the Cash Ball is $1,000 a day for life. The second top prize for matching only the 5 numbers is $1,000 a week for life.

The Cash Ball makes it more difficult to win the jackpot because the total number of combinations increased. A different analysis also applies when there is an extra ball like this to consider.

However, don’t you think that winning the second top prize is in itself already awesome? Thus, let us see how to use a mathematical strategy that is based on combinatorics and probability can help you.

A 5/60 game has the total possible combinations of 5,461,512.

This number field provides players with the number sets

Odd = 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47,49,51,53,55,57,59 
Even = 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44,46,48,50,52,54,56,58,60 
The Hoosier Lottery Cash4Life has 6 odd-even patterns. These are 5-0dd, 4-odd-1-even, 3-odd-2-even, 2-odd-3-even, 1-odd-5-even and 6-even. The 3-odd-2-even or 2-odd-3-even has 1,766,100possible combinations, 0.32337198929527 probability value and 32 estimated occurrences in 100 draws.

Thus, players can create combinations based on any of the 6 odd-even patterns, shown above.

You can make a combination containing all odd or all even numbers. Such a combination is easy to remember and could even create an aesthetic pattern on a playslip. However, this pattern can present only 142,506 possible combinations.

It means that the number of ways you can lose with this pattern is 5,319,006. The number of ways to lose is 37 times higher than the number of ways to win. This emphasizes that playing lottery games will give you more losses than winnings.

The only viable solution is to minimize the number of losses by weighing your options well. Hence, it is worthwhile to study combinatorial groups in lotteries.

Since you know that 5-odd or 5-even pattern offers a horrible ratio of success to failure, look for another pattern to use.

Will you have a better game with a 1-odd-4-even or 4-odd-1-even? You probably would play it better because this gives you 679,644 more possible combinations to use. It also offers about 7 times better ratio of success to failure than 5-odd or 5-even pattern.

Nonetheless, let us not forget the goal of a mathematical strategy. This goal is to find a way you can be less wrong for most draws. There is yet another option to look at and this is to use a 3-odd-2-even or 2-odd-3-even pattern.

With this, you have 1,766,100 ways to win. This offers twice as many ways to win than the 1-odd-4-even or 4-odd-1-even.

In the Cash4Life game, the worst combination contains all 5 even numbers. It has 142,506 ways to win and 5,319,006 ways to fail. The best combination contains 3-odd and 2 even numbers. It offers 1,766,100 ways to win and 3,695,412 ways to lose.

Therefore, your best choice of combination when playing Cash4Life must follow the 3-odd-2-even or 2-odd-3-even pattern. As shown in the table above, it presents 32 opportunities to match the winning combination out of 100 draws.

This is almost 11 times higher than the number of occurrences of a 5-odd or 5-even pattern. The best choice also provides twice as many occurrences in 100 draws as the 1-odd-4-even or 4-odd-1-even pattern.

Let’s also look at the low-high combinatorial groups for a better mathematical approach.

Low = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30
High = 31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60

These are the low and high number sets in Cash4Life.

The Hoosier Lottery Cash4Life has 6 low-high patterns. These are 5-0dd, 4-low-1-high, 3-low-2-high, 2-low-3-high, 1-low-5-high and 6-high. The 3-low-2-high or 2-low-3-high has 1,766,100possible combinations, 0.32337198929527 probability value and 32 estimated occurrences in 100 draws.

There are also 6 patterns for the low and high composition of combinations in Cash4Life.

Giving you only 3 occurrences every 100 draws is a 5-high or 5-low combination. Thus, you will have just one winning opportunity if you play every day for about a month.

The middle choice for this game is a 1-low-4-high or 4-low-1-high combination. With this pattern, you have 4,639,362 ways to fail. It gives 5 times more occurrences in 100 draws than the 5-low or 5-high pattern.

There is something better than the 1-low-4-high or 4-low-1-high combination, and this is a 2-low-3-high or 3-high-2-low combination. With 1,766,100 ways to win, your ways to fail are 3,695,412.

You will have 943,950 fewer ways to fail with a 3-low-2-high or 2-low-3-high than a 1-low-4-high or 4-low-1-high. The 3-low-2-high or 2-low-3-high also has 1,623,594 fewer ways of failure than a 5-low or 5-high combination.

How can a player make use of this knowledge?

Albert usually refers to overdue numbers when playing the lottery. An online tool he uses showed that the most overdue numbers 34, 56, 58, 45 and 47. Therefore, he bought 10 consecutive draws for the combination 34-45-47-56-58 and Cash Ball 3.

What would you say to Albert if he asks you for advice?

34-45-47-56-58 has a 2-odd-3-even pattern, which makes it an ideal choice, odd-even composition-wise.

However, 34-45-47-56-58 has a 5-high pattern, which is the worst choice in Cash4Life.

You explain to Albert what the image below shows.

A 3-low-2-high pattern is the best choice in Cash4Life. It has 1,766,100 ways to win and 3,695,412 ways to fail with this pattern. The worst choice is a 5-high because of its 142,506 ways to win and 5,319,006 ways to fail.

In Cash4Life, the combination to avoid is one that contains 5 high (or 5 low) numbers because this will occur only once in 38 attempts.

You could suggest that he uses 5-7-28-56-58 so that his combination will have numbers from the low set. This makes his combination follow a 3-low-2-high pattern that yields a higher ratio of success to failure.

This is the best pattern in Cash4Life. It can occur 32 times in 100 draws or once in 4 attempts.

Our examples in all three games show us just how we can make the most out of every game. Knowing the ratio of success to failure also helps us get the value for the money we spend on tickets.

The mathematical approach gives an accurate and precise manner for choosing the best combinations in lottery games. However, as our examples also showed, there can be contradictions from odd-even and low-high combinatorial analyses.

Such is an obstruction that you must overcome, so as not to render your efforts useless. You may use advanced combinatorial analysis.

Advanced combinatorial analysis can solve inconsistencies.

You heard it is also good to use cold numbers for lottery combinations. Some claim they are the ones that will soon show up in draws.

Thus for Ca$h 5, you picked 41-42-43-44-45 because these numbers have the least number of draws from the data on the Hoosier Lottery Frequency Drawing Numbers web page.

 41-42-43-44-45 has the best ratio from its odd-even composition, but the worst ratio from low-high composition. The basic combinatorial analyses contradict one another, just like our previous examples. How should you proceed then?

Here are your choices.

a) Proceed using the combination since one analysis showed it has a favorable ratio.

b) Abandon the idea. The idea is confusing anyway, and it’s a hassle to change combinations then analyze the ratio again.

c) Use advanced combinatorial design and analysis to solve contradictions and conflicts in ratios.

I would not be haughty as to claim that any of these choices is wrong. In all honesty, there is no wrong choice among these three. Yet, understand that every choice you make has a consequence. It is ultimately your decision that will prevail.

Option (a) might be a convenient choice. Yet, do not expect too much from this combination since only one analysis gave it the best ratio.

Option (b) is a handy decision if you are not too convinced that your old ways of playing are not effective. However, reverting to statistics or superstitions is giving up on the opportunity to win using an accurate strategy.

Option (c) is a fresh idea that you might have doubts in using. Nonetheless, it will combine the odd-even and low-high analyses into one solution. This way, your strategy will have no room for conflicts and contradictions.

Let me illustrate and explain more.

Hoosier Ca$h 5 has Lotterycodex Combinatorial Design that includes low-odd, low-even, high-odd and high-even. Low-odd contains 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23. Low-even contains 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22. High-odd includes 25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45. High-even comprises 24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44.

This table above is the Lotterycodex advanced combinatorial design. As you can see, the numbers are conveniently arranged into low-odd, low-even, high-odd and high-even.

This relieves you from visually imagining or manually jotting down the 4 sets for basic combinatorial analysis. Thus, right from the start, you have no worries there could be one number left out.

If you choose option (c) for 41-42-43-44-45, it would be clear that this is not a good combination to use at all. It does not matter if it has the best odd-even ratio.

This combination is not worthy of your money, time and effort at all. All its numbers come just from two sets in the advanced combinatorial design.

Our Ca$h 5 example, Eduard’s original combination was 23-25-30-31-36.

Using the advanced combinatorial design table above, you see this is not a combination that could yield favorable results.

The alternative combination we thought Eduard could instead use is 11-13-15-30-36. Yet this also turned out to be a not so good combination to spend money on. The advanced combinatorial design revealed that 11-13-15-30-36 still lacks the crucial balance in composition. This is despite 11-13-15-30-36 having the best odd-even and low-high ratio.

Advanced combinatorial design solves the obvious contradictions and even those conflicts you might not immediately see. From the numbers you selected, Lotterycodex advanced combinatorial analysis will group the possible combinations into good, bad, worst and best options.

This presents an expedient way for you to focus your time, effort and money on the best patterns.

The best Lotterycodex pattern for Hoosier Lottery Ca$h 5 is pattern #1. Patterns #2 to #28 are the middle patterns. The worst patterns are patterns #29 to #56.

This table above shows that a 5/45 game such as Ca$h 5 from Hoosier Lottery has 56 Lotterycodex patterns. Out of all these patterns, only #1 is the best one you could use.

It is important that you know the details associated with these patterns in order to understand why you must focus only on the best pattern.

The pattern # 1 has 144 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws, 360 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 14 approximate intervals. Meanwhile, pattern # 11 has 59 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws, 149 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 34 approximate intervals. Last, pattern # 32 has 18 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws, 45 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 112 approximate intervals.

Pattern #1, from the table above, has 144 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws. It has 360 expected occurrences in 5,000 draws. The approximate interval in between these occurrences is 14. Therefore, pattern # 1 has the ratio of 1 to 14.

Among the middle patterns is pattern #14. In 2,000 draws, you may expect it to occur 54 times with an interval of about 37. Its expected frequency in 5,000 draws is 136. This pattern can give you a ratio of 1 to 37.

Comparing the ratios of patterns #1 and #14 shows us that pattern #1 has almost 3 times better ratio than pattern #14.

Pattern #44 is among the worst patterns. Its expected frequency in 2,000 draws is 6 and expected frequency in 5,000 draws is 16. The ratio of success to failure that pattern #44 offers is 1 to 333.

This means that it would take you 334 attempts before you could get that one opportunity to match the winning combination. You might need to play every day for an entire year and get only one possible winning break.

Meanwhile, pattern #1 could only require 15 attempts to get that winning opportunity. This could mean you may play for a month and possibly match the winning combination twice.

Unfortunately, many players have been using combinations with middle and worst patterns without knowing they are just giving away money. Choosing option (c) every time you play relieves you from this undesirable possibility.

Please read The Winning Lottery Formula Based on Combinatorics and Probability Theory, where I will show you in details how these patterns work.

Think of playing the lottery with advanced combinatorial analysis as if you were using a GPS app.

You enter your destination on the GPS app and it will show you all the possible routes to take. The app will probably suggest which route is the shortest or will take you to the destination the fastest.

Nonetheless, you may still decide which route to take. You could even choose the one that leads you to circles before arriving at the destination.

In the same manner, advanced combinatorial design lets you decide how to play Hoosier Lottery games. You will get the critical information derived from accurate calculation and precise analysis of combinations.

You decide which among the good, bad, worst and best combinations to use in the actual lotto games. The smart and responsible lottery player will settle on the best.

This is true for all applicable games, like Hoosier Lotto +Plus.

Hoosier Lotto +Plus has Lotterycodex Combinatorial Design that includes low-odd, low-even, high-odd and high-even. Low-odd contains 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23. Low-even contains 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22. High-odd includes 25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45. High-even comprises 24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44,46.

If Rachelle or her mom had used advanced combinatorial design from the start, they would not have wasted money for 2 years.

25-39-36-34-33-27 is obviously an awful combination, using the table above will reveal. We said that Rachel could have run the random generator again to get another combination like 17-42-45-7-18-30.

This combination might be a good one because it contains numbers from all the groups.

With a 6/46 game like Hoosier Lotto +Plus, there is just 1 best pattern you could use out of 84 Lotterycodex patterns.

There are 84 Lotterycodex patterns for Hoosier Lotto +Plus. Only pattern #1 is the best. Patterns #2 to # 22 are the middle patterns. The worst patterns are #23 to #84.

It is helpful to have the information about the good, bad, worst and best combinations to use. It leads you straight to the best route to take.

Will you use pattern #15 when you know you have just or 1 opportunity in 60 attempts to match the winning combination? Would it not be better to stick to pattern # 1 that can give you a winning chance out of 19 attempts?

Remember that Hoosier Lotto +Plus has only 2 draws per week. Therefore, you could play Hoosier Lottery +Plus twice a week for about 2.5 months and get that chance to win the jackpot.

If you use pattern #15, you might need to play for 8 months before you enjoy that single opportunity to match the winning combination. Which between pattern #1 and #15 do you think is more helpful to use?

Advanced combinatorial analysis is a critical material for developing a mathematical strategy. A mathematical strategy is one that lets you get the best shot there is in a game. This way, you will not waste money for most draws.

You could also take advantage of what advanced combinatorial analysis offers when you play Cash4Life.

Hoosier Lottery Cash4Life has Lotterycodex Combinatorial Design that includes low-odd, low-even, high-odd and high-even. Low-odd contains 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25,27,29. Low-even contains 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30. High-odd includes 31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47,49,51,53,55,57,59. High-even comprises 32,34,36,38,40,42,44,46,48,50,52,54,56,58,60.

The Lotterycodex combinatorial design above would help you in choosing the main combination in Cash4Life.

Albert chose the combination 34-45-47-56-58 that contains the most overdue numbers for the said game. If he referred to advanced combinatorial design before he paid for 10 advance plays for this combination, he could have saved his money and effort.

This combination would not even get through the first step of the process since it lacks adequate representation from all number groups. Someone could have told him to change numbers prior to buying Hoosier Lottery tickets, and a new combination he could have used is 5-7-28-56-58.

However, even this new combination still needs some patching up. The benefit of using advanced combinatorial analysis when creating combinations is that you can see where you lack.

Therefore, prior to marking the numbers on a playslip, you would already know which number to drop, which to replace, and where to improve so that you can achieve the best possible ratio from your combination.

Advanced combinatorial design and analysis help you concentrate on compositions that matter most. This saves time and resources that you could have spent on useless combinations.

With this approach, you could be mathematically correct in selecting the choices that will put you closer to the jackpot. The best choices will bring you closer to winning over time, as dictated by the law of large numbers.

This does not mean you will know the exact numbers that will win next. No one could ever foresee which combination will win in the succeeding games.

Pattern # 1 has 130 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws, 324 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 15 approximate intervals. Pattern # 17 has 37 expected frequencies in 2,000 draws, 94 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 53 approximate intervals. Pattern # 53 has 1 expected frequency in 2,000 draws, 3 expected frequencies in 5,000 draws and 1819 approximate intervals.

In Cash4Life, for example, one best choice is pattern #1. There are 56 Lotterycodex patterns for this game, and the best ones are patterns #1 to #4.

The best patterns like pattern #1 can bring you close to the jackpot. Attempting to play 16 times will give you an opportunity to match the winning combination.

Pattern #53 could give you this single opportunity once in every 2001 attempts. This could require you to play religiously for 5 years just to have that chance of winning. You have to wait even longer than a leap year to happen.

When you are aware of the circumstances, you could create a strategy to counter undesirable situations. This is the mindset of a perceptive player. He will always choose the best choices that give many winning opportunities and fewer failing possibilities.

A smart player knows how to weigh his chances, so he will choose a Hoosier Lottery game that best favors him.

Which Hoosier Lottery draw game would you choose to play?

All lottery draw games are the same, in a way that they are random and deterministic.

Yet, these games differ from one another in terms of their number field, pick size and odds. Such differences help players make the best choice of which game to choose.

Many players might not pay attention to these factors. They probably just think about possibly winning a huge jackpot prize. Thus, it does not matter what game they play, since they only have one probability to win in any of these games.

Still, it is worth looking at the odds a particular game can offer so that you can pick a game that is easier to play than the others.

A comparison of draw games from Hoosier Lottery. Ca$h 5 has a pick size of 5, number field of 45, 0 extra ball and possible combinations of 1,221,759. Hoosier Lotto +Plus has a pick size of 6, number field of 46, 0 extra ball and possible combinations of 9,366,819. Cash4Life has a pick size of 5, number field of 60, 4 extra balls and possible combinations of 21,846,048. Powerball has a pick size of 5, number field of 69, 26 extra balls and possible combinations of 292,201,338. Mega Millions has a pick size of 5, number field of 70, 25 extra balls and possible combinations of 302,575,350.

The Ca$h 5 game has a pick size of 5 from the number field of 1-45. Thus, the probability to win here is 1 in 1,221,759.

In Hoosier Lotto +Plus, the pick size is 6 from the number field of 1-46. It results to the probability of 1 in 9,366,819. In comparison, Ca$h 5 has 8 times better probability than Hoosier Lotto +Plus.

Cash4Life has a pick size of 5 and the number field is 1-60. If you were to match the 5 winning numbers and the cash ball, your probability of winning is 1 in 21,846,048. 

The extra ball significantly makes a game harder to win, particularly if this ball comes from a separate drum. This makes the probability of Cash4Life 18 times worse than Ca$h 5.

Cash4Life is not the only multi-state lottery game offered by Hoosier Lottery. It also offers Powerball, which is available in 47 other US states and jurisdictions.

This game has a pick size of 5 from the number field of 1-69. The Powerball comes from the choices of 1 to 26. This makes the probability to win in Powerball 1 to 292,201,338. The probability offered by Ca$h 5 is 239 times higher than in Powerball.

Nevertheless, Powerball is a game where combinatorial analysis also applies. You may also analyze the composition to determine your ratio of success to failure from every combinatorial group. To know how you can play this game with a mathematical strategy, pleased read this.

Mega Millions, out of the 5 games in the table is the hardest to win. It is also a multi-state draw game. With a pick size of 5 from numbers 1 to 60 and a Mega ball from 1-25, the probability to win here is 1 to 302,575,350.

You considerably have 248 times easier jackpot to win with Ca$h 5 than with Mega Millions. Still, there combinatorial groups that govern this game. In this article, you will learn what these combinatorial groups are and how you could use them to play games accurately.

To summarize the details in this section, the game with easiest to beat odds is one that has the smallest pick size, number field and total possible combinations.

A game that has bigger jackpot prize might excite you to play since the prize is immense. However, such a game requires you to face some possible compromises. One compromising scenario is that you need to compete with an even higher number of players.

Even those who rarely play the Hoosier Lottery are spending money and falling in long lines to buy tickets. With more competitors, there could be more than one jackpot winner.

If this happens, the winners will share the jackpot prize among themselves. This will only reduce the pot money, which can be equivalent to the starting jackpot.

At any rate, choosing a game from Hoosier Lottery that you will play is a decision you must make. The purpose of comparing these games is for you to know your winning chances in each game.

It is your decision to focus on just one game from Hoosier Lottery. You may also decide to spend your lottery entertainment budget on all these games. Whichever you decide, just make sure you understand the games.

This involves recognizing the concepts governing the game and affecting your winning odds. Keep in mind that random, yet deterministic lotteries work according to the law of large numbers and probability theory.

Probability and law of large numbers rule the lotteries.

You could read the success story of Jeffry Myers, who won $4.9 million in the Hoosier Lotto of Hoosier Lottery. Fervent lottery players will appreciate this tale. It will also inspire the not-so-avid players to just keep on playing and hoping for the auspicious day to come.

Myers has been playing the lottery ever since Hoosier Lottery began in 1988. He plays Ca$h 5 daily and never missed a game of Hoosier Lotto’s twice a week draws.

Hoosier Lotto has a quite colorful history. Hoosier Lottery started offering its very first lotto draw game, the Lotto Cash in April 1990. Four years later, the game was replaced by Hoosier Lotto.

Now, if Myers has been playing Hoosier Lotto since that day, we can assume that he has been playing for about 1,400 weeks. This could mean he has made 2,800 attempts. So far, his unwavering effort made him win the $4.9 million jackpot and a minor prize of $1,000 in the past.

If only all players’ fate is the same as Myers’ fate. Yet, you should not rely solely on fate if you want to win the lottery jackpot. You should also have a precise game plan to adhere to.

Myers’ story proves lottery games will give you more failed instances than winning moments. Remember that he only achieved his goal after doing 2,800 attempts. Would you also follow what Myers did by playing non-stop?

Well, I do not think there is anything wrong with not giving up on your dream to win. However, it would be best if you will play fervently using combinations that are worthwhile to play.

As the law of large numbers dictates, the best combinatorial group will always dominate the game. This will only become apparent as the number of draws increase.

Pattern # 1 is the best pattern in Ca$h 5. With a probability value of 0.0719012506, it can appear 144 times in 2,000 draws at an interval of 14. Among the middle patterns is #14. Its probability value is 0.0272353222 and could occur 54 times in 2,000 draws with interval of 37. One worst pattern is #35. The probability value is 0.0074278151 and could occur 15 times in 2,000 draws at an interval of 135.

Let me show how the best pattern will dominate the game using probability calculations.

Using the figures from the table above,

Pattern #1 has

Expected occurrence (pattern #1) 
= 0.0719012506 x 2,000 
= about 144 occurrences

Out of 2,000 draws, this pattern will occur 144 times at an interval of 14.

Pattern #20 has

Expected occurrence (pattern #20) 
= 0.0178267563 x 2,000 
= about 36 occurrences

From 2,000 draws, pattern # 20 will occur only 36 times at an interval of 56. In comparison, pattern #1 has 4 times more expected occurrences in the same number of draws. Considering the approximate interval, pattern #1 could also let you match the winning combination more frequently.

This does not change, even with more draws.

Expected occurrence (pattern #1) 
= 0.0719012506 x 5,000 
= about 360 occurrences
Expected occurrence (pattern #20) 
= 0.0178267563 x 5,000 
= about 89 occurrences

At 5,000 draws, pattern #1 would still have 4 times more expected occurrences than pattern #20. This shows that the law of large numbers will prevail at infinity. This is the conclusion you need to follow so you will ultimately have the best shot possible.

We made a comparison between the best pattern and a middle pattern. The difference between the best pattern and a worst pattern would convince you further.

Pattern #44

Expected occurrence (pattern #44) 
= 0.0032412284 x 2,000 
= about 6 occurrences
Expected occurrence (pattern #44) 
= 0.0032412284 x 5,000 
= about 16 occurrences

The best pattern has 24 times more possible occurrences in 2,000 draws and 23 times more occurrences in 5,000 draws.

Pattern # 1 is the best pattern in Hoosier Lotto +Plus. With a probability value of 0.0562705439, it can appear 113 times in 2,000 draws at an interval of 18. Among the middle patterns is #19. Its probability value is 0.0155015273 and could occur 31 times in 2,000 draws with interval of 65. One worst pattern is #31. The probability value is 0.0127887600 and could occur 26 times in 2,000 draws at an interval of 78.

You can also expect and observe the same trend in Hoosier Lotto +Plus.

The best pattern, pattern #1 has

Expected occurrence (pattern #1) 
= 0.0562705439 x 2,000 
= about 113 occurrences

The ratio of success to failure offered by pattern #1 is 1 to 18. This means that 19 attempts will, give you an opportunity to match the winning combination.

A middle pattern is pattern #13, and it has

Expected occurrence (pattern #13) 
= 0.0213146000 x 2,000 
= about 43 occurrences

Pattern #1 could occur 3 times more than pattern #13. The pattern #3 has a ratio of 1 to 47 so it might require 48 attempts before you could have the opportunity of winning.

To illustrate the dominance of the best pattern over the worst pattern, let us use pattern #31.

Expected occurrence (pattern #31) 
= 0.0127887600 x 2,000 
= about 26 occurrences

Pattern #31 has 4 times fewer occurrences than pattern #1. With a ratio of 1 to 76, make 77 attempts to have that one chance of winning.

Which would you choose: fewer or more game attempts to get an opportunity to match the winning combination? A practical player will choose a combination that will take him close to the jackpot with fewer attempts.

Pattern # 1 is the best pattern in Cash4Life. With a probability value of 0.0648858778, it can appear 130 times in 2,000 draws at an interval of 15. Among the middle patterns is #17. Its probability value is 0.0187448091 and could occur 37 times in 2,000 draws with interval of 53. One worst pattern is #53. The probability value is 0.0005498477 and could occur once in 2,000 draws at an interval of 1,819.

Through advanced combinatorial analysis, not only could you concentrate on the dominating patterns. You could also time your games based on approximate intervals between occurrences.

Let me just remind you at this moment that the interval is only an approximation. There is no way anyone could determine the exact interval of occurrences. Still, a ballpark figure is still better than nothing.

Albert from our example above paid for 10 advance plays. Choosing the advance play option from a playslip means you will play the same combination for the 10 consecutive draws.

If you play for a combination with pattern #1 in Cash4Life, consider the approximate interval of 15. If the pattern occurred today, it is likely that it will not occur tomorrow or the day after tomorrow.

Instead, it will probably occur after 15 draws. How do you take advantage of this knowledge, then?

Use this to time your games and to save money to buy more tickets.

You may not play during the days you do not expect the best pattern to occur. On such days, save money so that you can buy more tickets the next time you play.

Through combinatorics, probability and law of large numbers, you could access information that leads to a better understanding of a lottery game. You should base your decisions on this crucial information.

Use the Lotterycodex calculator

Do you not wish to deal with complex computations? Then use Lotterycodex calculators to conveniently and accurately apply advanced combinatorial analysis in your lottery games.

Always remember that your tasks as a player include choosing options that will improve your winning chances. Part of these tasks is to avoid choices that will only aggravate your chances of losing.

With this in mind, let me give you a few tips to play better Hoosier Lottery games.

Do superstitions and quick pick improve your games?

Superstitions are part of people’s lives, even in this modern era.

For example, it is Friday the 13th so you do not want to go outside to buy a Hoosier Lottery ticket. Some would also not include the number 13 in their combination because they believe it is unlucky.

There is nothing wrong with following some superstitions like having a coin in your shoes while you buy lottery tickets. You could also buy tickets at a store believed to be lucky. However, do not let these false beliefs gravely affect your games.

In our example, you skipped playing on Friday the 13th because you thought it will be dangerous to go outside. However, what if the day you skipped is the day when your pattern will give you the opportunity to win?

You did not include the number 13 in your combination because of its misconception of luck. Yet, how would you feel when this is the only number you did not match from the winning combination? Remember that there are no lucky and unlucky numbers in the lottery.

The law of large numbers dictates that all numbers will converge around the same frequency when there are many draws.

Superstitions are things that some people respect because it is part of their culture. Yet, do not let misconceptions cloud your logic and judgment.

You should also not get easily swayed by people who say that you can have the best games when you use Quick Pick combinations. As written on the web page of each draw game from Hoosier Lottery, Quick Pick is the option if you prefer random selection.

You allow the machine to pick your combination. It merely picks the numbers based on a random computer algorithm. The machine assigns numbers on your ticket with no analysis of its odd, even low and high number values.

Quick pick and random selection is an easy way to play, but also one that follows no plan or strategy.

Although some people win in lottery games with quick pick selections, it does not mean that you too will have the same happy story. The combination from the machine will assign on your ticket might have the worse ratio of success to failure.

It is not advisable to use Quick Pick if you want to play better games. To play better means to know what your choices are, then decide on one that has the best odds to offer.

The best way to play is still trough the use of applicable mathematical approach and solutions. These solutions are combinatorics and probability that give more intuitive information that will complete a game plan.

An intuitive player would rather select combinations according to the odds offered by combinatorial groups instead of wishing on a lucky star. There can be millions of possible combinations in a lottery game.

The number of awful combinations is greater than the favorable combinations. Through advanced combinatorial analysis, you will know which combinations are worth the money you spend.

This approach might not make him an instant millionaire in the next draw. Yet, it makes him a knowledgeable player taking control of his decisions to play and odds to win.

You can always choose any combination you wish to play, but always choose the ones that will help you lose less and win more.

It surely is tempting play with unusual combinations for fun, as if you are testing how lucky you could be. However, do not forget that all combinations have compositions affecting their ratio of success to failure.

Should you rely on strokes of luck in lotteries?

Some players just have strokes of luck in lotteries. This make you wonder, “When will I experience the same?”

While I could not help you find an answer to this question, I could help explain the reason behind coincidences and strange winning combinations in the lottery.

First, let me show you some examples of non-random combinations in Hoosier Lottery games.

There are many non-random combinations in the Ca$h 5 game. Some have easily noticeable patterns, like 5-10-15-20-25 and 1-2-3-4-5. Others have not easily noticeable patterns like 27-30-31-32-35 and 4-6-9-13-18.

Non-random combinations are those that players create using a pattern different from the combinatorial group patterns we discussed above.

Many players use consecutive patterns like 1-2-3-4-5. It could be because these numbers are easy to remember or because they create a pattern on the playslip.

In Ca$h 5, for example, the table above shows that 5-10-15-20-25 is one non-random combination in lotteries. This combination contains numbers in multiple of 5. This is the second most popular combination from lotto players, according to same article for the multiples of 7 above.

Hoosier Lotto +Plus have many non-random combinations. 2-4-6-8-10-12 and 11-12-13-14-15-16 have patterns you can easily notice. 21-22-28-32-33-36 and 25-31-36-40-43-45 are non-random combinations with patterns you cannot easily notice.

The consecutive pattern also has variations other than the skip counting or multiples of certain numbers.

Take, for instance, 1-2-11-12-21-22. This combination contains 2 consecutive numbers from three number groups. 1 and 2 are from the group 1-10. 11 and 12 are from the group 11-20. 21 and 22 are from the group 21-30.

A combination may also take 3 consecutive numbers from 2 number groups. An example is 1-2-3-11-12-13. 1, 2 and 3 are from the number group 1-10. 11, 12 and 13 are from the group 11-20.

30-38-45-51-56 and 35-42-48-53-57 are examples of non-random combinations with not easily recognizable patterns in Cash4Life. 1-2-11-12-21-22 and 1-2-3-12 are examples of combinations with easily recognizable patterns.

Some non-random combinations have patterns that may take you a while to notice, such as 5-8-11-14-17. This combination follows an interval of three in between numbers.

5-8-11-14-17 differs from the 3-6-9-12-15 although both have an interval of 3 in between their numbers. We can more appropriately describe the latter combination as having multiples of 3.

Another non-random combination with not easily noticeable pattern is 4-6-9-13-18. The interval in between the numbers are 2,3, 4 and 5.

It is amusing to observe the patterns of these non-random combinations in the lottery. Yet, we know that the odds of these combinations still rely on their odd-even and low-high compositions.

So, what odds do these unusual and non-random combinations provide you?

1-2-3-4-5 has best odd-even ratio, but worst low-odd ratio. The same analyses apply to 5-10-15-20-25, and 1-2-11-12-21-22.

You could use the Lotterycodex combinatorial design for 1-2-3-11-12-13. Yet, you would not even get through the first step because this combination only has numbers from two number sets.  5-8-11-14-17 and 4-6-9-13-18 would also not pass the advanced combinatorial analysis.

These analyses only prove that these non-random and unusual combinations offer very unfavorable odds to players.

Still, why do they win in lotteries?

The law of truly large numbers explains this. According to this law, coincidences and strange happenings occur when there are many opportunities. In lotteries, strange combinations win when there plenty of draws held.

From the tables above, on sample probability calculations, you see that even the worst patterns are bound to occur. This can happen when plenty of attempts or draws have been made.

Knowing that very low chances of occurrences for these unusual combinations, would you still insist on using them? If you want a positive experience from your Hoosier Lottery gaming, then you probably would not.

Always play Hoosier Lottery for a positive experience.

Hoosier Lottery promotes positive experiences from playing the games it offers. It wants players to enjoy the entertainment and fun from the games.

“Understand the odds.”

You now understand that odds are as crucial to consider as probability when playing the lottery.

You may have just one probability to win, but you can choose the combinations that give best ratio of success to failure. This does not mean that you will know, for certain, the numbers that will win in the next draws. This is an impossible feat to accomplish, but don’t lose hope yet.

What the odds or ratio of success to failure presents is the opportunity for players to know their choices. This awareness will help them make decisions for making the most out of their money and game experiences.

“Set time limit”

Advanced combinatorial analysis help players know the patterns that will help them have fewer mistakes and achieve more winnings. It also hands over critical information on the ideal time to play.

Remember the approximate interval in between occurrences? Players could refer to this information to set their play time and schedule their games well.

“Set money limit.”

Players need to play lottery games based on a certain budget only. Hoosier Lottery and other state lotteries suggest this to their players. This is one way to play responsibly and positively.

As a solo player, you can buy only a few tickets. Yet, the way to have more winning probabilities is to buy more tickets. When it comes to lottery entertainment budget, understand that there are ways to optimize your budget.

Consider starting a small lottery syndicate. Invite your relatives, friends and acquaintances to pool your money together so you can buy more tickets. Whatever prize your tickets win, you share it among the members of your small lotto syndicate.

You may also join other bigger and more established lottery syndicates if you have what the group requires. Nonetheless, whether you play solo or with a syndicate, play with worthwhile combinations. A solo player or a lottery syndicate will only waste lottery budget by playing combinations with the worst ratios of success to failure.

“It’s hard to get back what you had.”

Hoosier Lottery compared gambling losses to a too short haircut that is difficult to get back. You must not forget that lottery is a negative game.

Losses are inevitable in this entertainment, and losses are way greater than winnings. Remember the story of Myers who won the jackpot after playing for 30 years? It would be good if you share the same fervor in playing with him.

However, not all players have the unlimited source of patience and perseverance. Some players try to chase their losses by investing on more tickets. Instead of this, why not invest your money in another facet of the lotto industry?

When people hear about lottery games, the first thing they think is playing and buying tickets. However, the lottery is also an industry. If you did not find fulfillment as a player, then it’s time to discover the inverse lotto strategy.

This strategy will show you a different perspective on taking part in the lottery industry. Why not open up a business that could also retail Hoosier Lottery tickets and products? Hoosier Lottery retail partners enjoy some great benefits.

Perhaps you could offer to buy other people’s lottery tickets for a minimal service fee? This way, you could also finance your own tickets from the fees you collect.

Chasing losses by gambling more is definitely not a good idea. Therefore, try to recover what you lost by becoming a lottery ticket peddler.

Playing lotteries must always be a positive experience. It should be about having fun and feeling entertained. Find the fun and entertainment by minimizing your losses and maximizing your chances to win.

Never think of lotteries as a substitute for a real job, unless you are a lotto ticket retailer. Play the lottery responsibly. This requires playing lotteries on a set budget and time limit.

Spend money that you can afford to lose. There are other more important things to spend your money on, like home rental, food and utility services.

It is good to play lottery games now and then, but do not allow it to develop into a compulsion. Otherwise, it could turn the positive experience into a negative ordeal.

Choose your games wisely and play them cleverly.

Other entertaining games from Hoosier Lottery

There are other draw games from Hoosier Lottery that you could play responsibly. These are Daily 3, Daily 4, and Quick Draw with Bullseye.

There are also Scratch-offs or scratch cards you can buy for yourself or give as a gift to others.

The Fast Play Games are those that you can print directly from Hoosier Lottery terminals. These games do not require filling out playslips or waiting for draws.

Do not throw away non-winning tickets yet. You could still enter them into the 2nd chance promotions from Hoosier Lottery. Whichever game you choose, play with a smart and responsible mindset to always have a positive gaming experience.

Best Intel Motherboards: March 2021

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Here is the latest update to our list of recommended Intel motherboards in our series of motherboards buyers guides. All numbers in the text are updated to reflect pricing at the time of writing.

Best Intel Motherboards: March 2021

Intel has announced that its latest processors are coming on March 30th, and Z590 motherboard models are already starting to appear at retailers. As we approach a new cycle for Intel’s new Z590 chipset, the current state of the PC market from a buyer’s perspective hasn’t been this bad for a long time, with graphics cards in high demand and second-hand options way overpriced. Focusing on motherboards, our Intel motherboard guide focuses mainly on Z490 models, mainly due to maturity and costs in the market. With PCIe 4.0 coming to Rocket Lake, some Z490 are already equipped with this and will be enabled through a BIOS update, but some Z490 are not. We make our recommendations for March based on our research, as well as availability.

Here are our choices in the motherboard market for Intel. For AMD recommendations, head on over to our AMD guide. This is usually updated monthly.












Intel Motherboards Recommendations

March 2021
Motherboard Amazon Newegg MSRP
Intel ‘Clean Mix of Price/Features’ Motherboard
MSI MPG Z590

Gaming Carbon WiFi
$324
GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra $340 $340 $300
Intel Value Motherboard
MSI Z490-A Pro $155 $170 $160
Favorite Intel Mini-ITX Motherboard
ASRock Z490 Phantom

Gaming-ITX/TB3
$200 $269 $280
Intel ‘Money is no Object’ Motherboard
MSI MEG Z590 Godlike $1000 $1019

Our recommendations for motherboards are based entirely on personal and professional opinion. There are notably many different motherboards across the Intel chipsets including B460, Z490, the latest Z590, and the workstation focused W480 chipset. Some of our choices and options here are also limited by what stock is available.

Intel Rocket Lake and Z590

For those looking for Z590 models, we’ve compiled details on over 50 of them in our Z590 motherboard overview:

For users looking for other options, we’ve also gone over multiple chipset families as well in the links below.

Best Intel Motherboard For Gaming/Performance

In this instance, we are recommending both a Z590 and Z490 model as Rocket Lake is incoming, but stock of Z590 seems to be a limiting factor right now. Our recommended Z490 board seems to be going in and out of stock and we expect the Z590 stock to land sometime this month.

Z490: GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra ($340 at Amazon/$340 at Newegg)

If we are looking for a model that blends price, performance, and functionality, then there are many high-quality products to choose. Performance is one angle for comparison, as well as controller set, the power delivery, and expansion slot support – keeping all these in mind while being reasonable with price can be a difficult task. One model which stands out is the GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra which is designed for gamers but has the versatility to be the foundation for a solid high-performance system with a good feature set at a mid-market price too – if you can find one that is.

The GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra sits below the more premium GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Master in the product stack but keeps much of the same in regards to feature set and capability. In terms of controllers, the GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra includes an Intel I225-V 2.5 GbE Ethernet controller, with support from an Intel AX201 interface which adds Wi-Fi 6 and BT 5.1 connectivity. Also on the rear panel is a single USB 3.2 G2 20 Gbps Type-C port, with three USB 3.2 G2 Type-A, two USB 3.2 G1 Type-A, and four USB 2.0 ports. There are four memory slots with support for up to 128 GB, with official support for up to DDR4-4800 which is great for a mid-range model. For storage, there’s three PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 slots with each slot inclusive of its own M.2 heatsink, and six SATA ports which include support for RAID 0, 1, 5, and 10 arrays.

The GIGABYTE Z490 Aorus Ultra has an MSRP of $300 but both Newegg and Amazon are currently listing it for $340. This seems to be a temporary issue that is plaguing a lot of models at present, with stock levels just not enough to keep up with the demand. Despite the discrepancy in the price, it’s still a decent board with a combination of premium features.

Z590: MSI MPG Z590 Gaming Carbon WiFi (MSRP $324)

Despite Intel’s latest Z590 models either not being available at retail, or fully announced, one model that piqued our interest in the mid-range is the MSI MPG Z590 Gaming Carbon WiFi. Typically positioned at the mid-range, the Z590 Gaming Carbon WiFi has plenty of features and at the time of writing, is a very good alternative to Z490 models.

Some of its main features include three M.2 slots, with one PCIe 4.0 x4 M.2 and two with support for PCIe 3.0 x4 and SATA drives. Typical of a mid-range Z590 model, there’s Intel’s new AX210 Wi-Fi 6E CNVi and one Intel I225-V 2.5 GbE controller which is now a staple for most vendors in the way of networking. The rear panel includes one USB 3.2 G2x2 Type-C port which is now native to Intel’s Z590 chipset, as well as three USB 3.2 G2 Type-A, two USB 3.2 G1 Type-A, and four USB 2.0 ports. MSI is using a Realtek ALC1220 HD audio codec for its onboard audio solution, and also includes a small, but handy BIOS Flashback button on the rear panel.

Although there isn’t yet a comprehensive list of Z590 pricing at this time, the MSI MPG Z590 Gaming Carbon WiFi looks set to include a ‘reasonable’ MSRP of $324.

Best Intel Motherboard: The Value Option

MSI Z490-A Pro ($155 at Amazon/$170 at Newegg)

The term ‘value’ can be taken any different ways, as it can be related to budget but with plenty of quality, or it can be relative to how much money is available. Prices of high-end motherboards have increased over the years – I remember when a high-end board would cost $175! But today the top chipsets are only near that price at the bottom of the stack.

With lots of Intel LGA1200 chipsets available with the H410, B460, H470, and Z490, there are a lot of solid contenders in this particular area. My pick for value is the MSI Z490-A Pro. This isn’t on a budget-based Intel chipset such as H410, but it allows users to overclock and squeeze out more performance from the 10th generation Comet Lake processors. The MSI Z490-A Pro is one of the cheapest Z490 models available on the market and has a solid feature set for the price. This includes a 12-phase power delivery, a Realtek ALC1200 HD audio codec, two PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 slots, a Realtek 2.5 GbE Ethernet controller and a single USB 3.2 G2 Type-C port on the rear panel.

The biggest feature of note on the MSI Z490-A Pro is the power delivery, with a 12-phase design as well as the inclusion of a Realtek RTL8125B 2.5 GbE Ethernet controller. It also includes a solid budget storage configuration with six SATA slots and two PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 slots, with one slot coming with a heatsink, and the other reliant on the user installing one, or going for passive cooling. The rear panel is pretty standard for a board of this caliber, with a single USB 3.2 G2 Type-A, five USB 3.2 G1 Type-A, and two USB 2.0 ports. It includes an HDMI and DisplayPort video output pairing for users looking to leverage Intel’s UHD integrated graphics, as well as six 3.5 mm audio jacks powered by a Realtek ALC1200 HD audio codec.

Despite the existence of the budget-focused H410, H470, and B460 chipsets, none of them officially support overclocking or memory faster than the default JEDEC specifications. When combining a Comet Lake desktop processor with adequate cooling, can offer excellent performance. The MSI Z490-A Pro isn’t just one of the cheapest Z490 models with an MSRP of $160, but it’s actually solid on paper too, for both overclocking and with a host of value-orientated features, but still more than capable controller set for a board at this price point. The Z490-A Pro is currently available for $155 at Amazon and $170 Newegg, so we recommend buying it from Amazon. Its biggest competition comes via the equally impressive GIGABYTE Z490 Gaming X model at $160, but it lacks the 2.5 GbE Ethernet controller and instead opts for an Intel Gigabit controller, and uses a USB 3.2 G2 Type-A instead of the Type-C on the MSI.

Best Intel Motherboard: The Best Mini-ITX Motherboard

ASRock Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 ($200 at Amazon/$269 at Newegg)

There are just six Z490 mini-ITX models to select from for small form factor enthusiasts and gamers, and one of our favorites is from ASRock. These models are generally popular with enthusiasts looking for a solid balance of features, good quality componentry, and pricing. The ASRock Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 is an update over the previous Z390 model, with a similar feature set, but designed for Intel’s LGA1200 socket.

Out of the small handful of available mini-ITX Z490 motherboards, only two include Thunderbolt 3 connectivity on the rear panel: the ASRock Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 and the MSI MEG Z490I Unify. The reason for selecting the similarly priced ASRock over the MSI, having seen numerous ASRock mini-ITX models over the years, including the Z390 Phantom Gaming-ITX/ac before, we know what to expect from ASRock and it’s a feature-packed model for its size. Aside from the single Thunderbolt 3 Type-C connector on the rear panel, it includes a Realtek RTL8125BG 2.5 GbE Ethernet controller and Intel AX201 Wi-Fi 6 interface pairing for the networking, as well as supporting up to two PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 drives, one on the front and another slot on the rear.

Also on the rear panel are five 3.5 mm audio jacks and S/PDIF optical output powered by a premium Realtek ALC1220 HD audio codec and three USB 3.2 G2 Type-A and two USB 3.2 G1 Type-A ports. A handily located clear CMOS button is featured in the middle of the rear panel, with a PS/2 keyboard and mouse combo port, and two video outputs including a DisplayPort and HDMI pairing, although the Thunderbolt 3 Type-C port can also output video. The ASRock also supports up to DDR4-4666 officially, with a maximum capacity of up to 64 GB across two memory slots. In addition to the two PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 slots are four SATA ports with support for RAID 0, 1, 5, and 10 arrays.

The ASRock Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 is a solid motherboard for enthusiasts to overclock on with its 8+2 phase power delivery, as well as the potential foundation for a monstrous single graphics card gaming system. The Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 has an MSRP of $280 and is currently available at Amazon with a very attractive price tag of $200, and $269 at Newegg. In regards to the competition, we reviewed the MSI Z490I Unify ($270) with a similar feature set and a 10-layer PCB, as well as the GIGABYTE Z490I Aorus Ultra ($270). The ASUS ROG Strix Z490-I Gaming is slightly more expensive with an MSRP of $300, but the ASRock is our pick in regards to Intel-based mini-ITX boards for September.

One important thing to consider is boards such as the ASRock Z490 Phantom Gaming-ITX/TB3 make solid options for Rocket Lake, as it includes the capability for PCIe 4.0 with one of the M.2 slots, and the full-length PCIe x16 slot. For $200, it’s very difficult to find a mini-ITX board that’s as feature-packed, so if you need a small LGA1200 board, this is what we recommend while stocks last.

Best Intel Motherboard: Money Is No Object

MSI MEG Z590 Godlike (N/A at Amazon/$1000 at Newegg)

Our previous pick for our ‘money is no object’ was the MSI MEG Z490 Godlike which sat at the top of MSI’s desktop offerings as a worthy flagship. With Intel’s new Rocket Lake processors coming at the end of this month, stock of Z590 is thin on the ground, to say the least. We expect this to pick up going into April, but one model which is currently available at Newegg is MSI’s new flagship model, the MEG Z590 Godlike.

The MSI MEG Z590 Godlike is a fantastic example of a premium flagship model with plenty of aesthetic upgrades over the previous Z490 version. This includes MSI’s improved Dynamic Dashboard II which blends in seamlessly with the black and silver design. Users looking for plenty of RGB LED will appreciate a large customizable RGB MSI Dragon logo on the rear panel cover, with a funky new triangular shaped set of LEDs built into the chipset heatsink.

MSI has opted for a very overkill power delivery which consists of a direct 20-phase design just for the CPU, with premium 90 A power stages and a pair of 8-pin 12 V ATX CPU power inputs. Other features include a pair of full-length PCIe 4.0 slots operating at x16 and x8/x8, with another full-length PCIe 3.0 x4 slot located along the bottom of the board. For storage, there are four PCIe M.2 slots, including one operating at PCIe 4.0 x4 and three with support for PCIe 3.0 x4 and SATA drives. MSI also includes six SATA ports with support for RAID 0, 1, 5, and 10 arrays.

The MSI MEG Z590 Godlike has official support for DDR4-5333 memory with Rocket Lake which is an improvement over the last generation, with a total capacity of up to 128 GB available across four memory slots. Rear panel connectivity is also impressive with Intel’s latest Thunderbolt 4 controller providing two Type-C and two mini-DisplayPort inputs, as well as two USB 3.2 G2 Type-A, and six USB 3.2 G1 Type-A ports. The Z590 Godlike also offers dual Ethernet with one Aquantia AQC107 10 Gb and an Intel I225-V 2.5 Gb controller pairing, as well as Intel’s newest AX210 Wi-Fi 6E CNVi for access to the 6 GHz Wi-Fi band and BT 5.2 connectivity. It is also using Realtek’s ALC1220 HD audio codec which adds support for 7.1 surround sound via five 3.5 mm audio jacks and one S/PDIF optical output.

The MSI MEG Z590 Godlike has an MSRP of $1019 and at present, it’s available at Newegg for $1000. Stock worldwide for components is sketchy, to say the least. We do expect stock of the Z590 Godlike along with other Z590 models to filter into retail channels quicker as Rocket Lake’s processor launch looms at the end of the month. As it stands, the MSI MEG Z590 Godlike is the only flagship model even listed on Newegg currently, with Amazon’s listings also being slim pickings too. That being said, MSI has increased the price of its flagship model for Intel’s latest desktop model from $750 to $1000-$1017, and judging by what’s on offer, it’s easy to see where the money has been spent.

Z590: The Future (Coming Soon)

We’ve covered as much as we can in our Z590 overview before we can get one of the new Rocket Lake processors into test, and no doubt when that platform comes into bloom, we’ll be examining them even more closely when it comes to our buyers guides.

Is there a particular Z590 model that you think we should review? Please let us know in the comments below.